Burgoyne Surrenders at Saratoga (1777) / Cornwallis Surrenders at Yorktown (1781)
17 October 1777 / 1781
Today marks the dual anniversaries of two major British surrenders during the American War for Independence.
On 17 October 1777 General John Burgoyne’s surrender ended the Saratoga Campaign. His surrender provided a much needed morale boost to the American troops and was a factor in the French decision to enter the war on America’s side.
On 17 October 1781 Lord Charles Cornwallis waved the white flag, bringing a close to the Siege of Yorktown. Formal terms of surrender were then negotiated and the articles of capitulation were signed on 19 October. The British defeat at Yorktown brought an effective end to the war, leading the two sides to enter negotiations which eventually resulted in the Treaty of Paris.